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高一英语语法练习题:虚拟语气专项练习

线话英语|2015-10-30 10:02:06

  有关虚拟语气的高一英语语法练习题    

  1. Mr Li required the computer equipment referred ________ used in every classroom.

 

  A. should be                                      B. have to be              

 

  C. to be                                             D. to being CopyRight .com

  2. —Yang Liwei has won great honour for our country.

 

  —Who is Yang Liwei? CopyRight .com

  —What a question! It is surprising ________ the first spaceman in China. 内容来自

  A. you didn’t know our national hero    B. to you not to know him 内容来自

  C. you should know nothing about        D. you knew nothing about him

  3. —What courses are you going to do next term?

  —I don’t know. But it’s about time ________ on something.

  A. I’d decide                                      B. I decided      内容来自

  C. I decide                                         D. I’m deciding

 

  4. One of the requirements for the fire is that the material ________ to its burning temperature.

 

  A. is heated                                        B. will be heated       

  C. would be heater                              D. be heated

 

  5. Robert wishes that he ________ business instead of history when he was in university.

  A. studies                                           B. studied        

  C. has studied                                     D. had studied

 

  6. My demand is that the information referred to in my report ________ to Mr. Brown without delay.

  A. to be e-mailed                                 B. e-mailed      

  C. be e-mailed                                     D. being e-mailed

  7. He was very busy yesterday, otherwise he ________ to the meeting.

  A. would come                                    B. came    

 

  C. would have come                             D. had come CopyRight .com

  8. Without electricity human life ________ quite different today.

  A. is                                                    B. will be      

 

  C. would have been                               D. would be

 

  9. If he had not gone out in the storm, he ________ alive now.

 

  A will be                                               B. would be     

 

  C. would have been                               D. is

 

  10. If only I ________ how to operate an electronic computer as you do.

  A. had known                                       B. would know     CopyRight .com

  C. should know                                     D. knew

 

  11. But for the party, he ________ of hunger fifteen years ago.

 

  A. would have died                                B. would die      CopyRight .com

  C. must have died                                  D. must die CopyRight .com

  12. I would have come earlier, but I ________ that you were waiting for me.

  A. didn’t know                                      B. hadn’t know 

  C. would have known                             D. haven’t known CopyRight .com

  13. The teacher agreed to the suggestion that the students ________ two weeks to prepare for the exam.

  A. give                                                  B. should give         

 

  C. be given                                            D. would be given

  14. Wang Ling, one of my friends, is very good at English. He speaks English as if he ________ an Englishman. CopyRight .com

  A. were                                                 B. would be      

  C. have been                                          D. had been

 

  15. We ________ our lives had it not been for the policeman.

  A. would have lost                                  B. should lose     

  C. might lose                                          D. had lost

 

  16. ________ more careful, his ship would not have sunk.

 

  A. If the captain were                              B. Had the captain been

 

  C. Should the captain be                          D. If the captain would have been

  17. Were it not for the snowy weather, we ________ all right.

 

  A. would be                                      B. would have been        

 

  C. were                                                 D. may be 

  18. It is hard for me to imagine what I would be doing today if I ________ in love, at the age of seven, with the Melinda Cox Library in my hometown.

  A. wouldn’t have fallen                           B. had not fallen

 

  C. should fall                                          D. were to fall

  19. He hesitated for a moment before kicking the ball, otherwise he ________ a goal.

  A. had scored                                         B. scored

 

  C. would score                                       D. would have scored

 

  20. How I wish every family ________ a large house with a beautiful garden!

 

  A. has                                                    B. had                  内容来自

  C. will have                                            D. had had

  答案:

  1. C. 高一英语语法练习题讲解因为在表现“恳求”的require, request, ask, demand等动词后的宾语从句的谓语要用“(should+)动词原形”,句中referred to是过去分词短语,作the computer equipment的定语,所以选C。 CopyRight .com

  2. C. 由于在it is surprising后的that从句中,谓语要用“should +动词本相”,其中should含“竟然”之意,不可省略。

  3. B. 因为It’s (high /about) time后面的从句的谓语动词通常用过去时态。

内容来自

 

  4. D. 因为requirement后的表语从句的谓语要用“(should +)动词原形”;material(材料)与heat(加热)是被动关联,用被动语态,所以是be heated。 CopyRight .com

  5. D. 因为wish后的宾语从句中的谓语动词要用过去式,此题的study business是与从前事实相反的情况,所以用had studied business。

 

 

  6. C. 因为主语是demand时,其后的表语从句的谓语要用“(should +)动词原形”。

CopyRight .com

 

  7. C. 因为句中otherwise (否则)表示与过去事实相反的情况,所以用would have done。

 

 

  8. D. 因为介词短语without…表示与现在事实相反的情况,所以用would be。 内容来自

  9. B. 由had not gone可知,条件句是与过去事实相反的情况,而now提示咱们,主句是与当初事实相反的情况,所以用would be。

  10. D. 因为if only (要是…就要了) 其后的句子要用过去式表示虚拟语气,由as you do可知,是与现在事实相反,所以选knew。

  11. A. 因为but for (要不是因为、如果不) 通常要与虚拟语气连用,由fifteen years ago可知,这是与过去事实相反的情况,所以选would have died。

内容来自

 

  12. A. 因为would come earlier是与过去事实相反的虚拟语气,而后面分句表示的是事实:当时我确切不知道…所以用个别过去时,选A。 CopyRight .com

  13. C. 因为that从句是suggestion的同位语,应当用“(should+) 动词原形”表示虚拟语气,又因the students与give是被动关系,所以选be given。

  14. A. 因为Wang Ling是中国人的名字,显然不是英国人,所以as if从句的谓语要用与现在事实相反的情况,所以用were的高一英语语法练习题讲解。 CopyRight .com

  15. A. 因为had it not been for the policeman = if it had not been for the policeman (如果不警察) ,显然是与过去事实相反的情况,主句中的谓语应是would have lost。

内容来自

 

  16. B. 因为由主句谓语可判断,表示的是与过去事实相反的情形,所以虚拟前提句中的谓语应用过去实现时,Had the captain been = If the captain had been。

内容来自

 

  17. A. 因为从句谓语为一般过去时,表示的是对当初的虚构,故主句谓语用从前将来时,表示。Were it not for the snowy weather=If it were not for the snowy weather.

  18. B。这是个错综时间虚拟条件句:主句与现在事实相反,条件句与过去事实相反。句意为“假如我不是在七岁时就迷上了Melinda Cox 图书馆,我真不能假想我现在会在做什么”。 CopyRight .com

  19. D。本题考察目标与1996上海同。由otherwise跟hesitated可知,这是与过去事实相反的虚构语气,谓语动词用 would+ have+ 过去分词构成。

CopyRight .com

 

  20. B。高一英语语法练习题讲解wish 后面宾语从句的谓语总是用过去时态。此题是表示与现在事实相反的愿望,从句谓语用畸形过去时。句意为“我如许渴望每个家庭都有座有一个漂亮花园的大房子啊!” 内容来自

  

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