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非谓语动词专项初中英语练习题答案详解

线话英语|2015-10-30 10:01:57

  非谓语动词专项的初中英语练习题 

  1. Helen had to shout ________ above the sound of the music.

 

  A. making herself hear                                 B. to make herself hear CopyRight .com

  C. making herself heard                                D. to make herself heard CopyRight .com

  2. Reading is an experience quite different from watching TV; there are pictures ________ in your mind instead of before your eyes. 内容来自

  A. to form                   B. form                    C. forming                  D. having formed

  3. The man insisted ________ a taxi for me even though I told him I lived nearby.

  A. find                        B. to find                  C. on finding               D. in finding 内容来自

  4. The old man, ________ abroad for twenty years, is on the way back to his motherland. 内容来自

  A. to work                  B. working                C. to have worked       D. having worked 内容来自

  5. You were silly not ________ your car.

 

  A. to lock                    B. to have locked       C. locking                   D. having locked

 

  6. Don’t leave the water ________ while you brush your teeth.

 

  A. run                         B. running                 C. being run                D. to run

  7. When flint ________ to the market, these products enjoyed great success.

 

  A. introducing              B. introduced             C. introduce                D. being introduced

 

  8. “We can’t go out in this weather,” said Bob, ________ out of the window.

 

  A. looking                    B. to look                  C. looked                    D. having looked 内容来自

  9. My advisor encouraged ________ a summer course to improve my writing skills.

  A. for me taking           B. me taking              C. for me to take          D. me to take

 

  10. ________ in the queue for half an hour, Tom suddenly realized that he had left his wallet at home.

 

  A. To wait                  B. Have waited           C. Having waited          D. To have waited 内容来自

  11. Linda worked for the Minnesota Manufacturing and Mining Company, ________ as 3M.

 

  A. knowing                 B. known                  C. being known            D. to be known

 

  12. Sarah, hurry up. I’m afraid you can’t have time to ________ before the party.

 

  A. get changed             B. get change            C. get changing           D. get to change

 

  13. ________ by the beauty of nature, the girl from London decided to stay another two days off the farm.

 

  A. Attracting                B. Attracted              C. To be attracted        D. Having attracted

  14. I don’t know whether you happen ________ , but I’m going to study in the U. S. A. this September.

 

  A. to be heard              B. to be hearing          C. to hear                   D. to have heard CopyRight .com

  15. The news reporters hurried to the airport, only ________ the film stars had left.

  A. to tell                      B. to be told                C. telling                    D. told

  16. Having been ill in bed for nearly a month, he had a hard time ________ the exam. CopyRight .com

  A. pass                        B. to pass                   C. passed                    D. passing

 

  17. ________ with the size of the whole earth, the biggest ocean doesn’t seem big at all.

 

  A. Compare                 B. When comparing     C. Comparing               D. When compared

  18. ________ the programme, they have to stay there for another two weeks.

 

  A. Not completing                                          B. Not completed

 

  C. Not having completed                                 D. Having not completed

  19. If you are planning to spend your money having fun this week, better ________ it—you’ve got some big bills coming.

  A. forget                     B. forgot                    C. forgetting                  D. to forget

 

  20. According to a recent U. S. survey, children spend up to 25 hours a week ________ TV.

  A. to watch                 B. to watching            C. watching                  D. watch
21. The flu is believed ________ by viruses that like to reproduce in the cells inside the human nose and throat. CopyRight .com

  A. cause                      B. being caused           C. to be caused             D. to have caused

 

  22. The flowers ________ sweet in the botanic garden attract the visitors to the beauty of nature. CopyRight .com

  A. to smell                    B. smelling                  C. smelt                       D. to be smelt

 

  23. The disc, digitally ________ in the studio, sounded fantastic at the party that night.

 

  A. recorded                   B. recording                C. to be recorded          D. having recorded

  24. Having been attacked by terrorists, ________ .

 

  A. doctors came to their rescue                         B. the tall building collapsed

  C. an emergency measure was taken                  D. warnings were given to tourists

 

  25. Robert is said ________ abroad, but I don’t know what country he studied in. 内容来自

  A. to have studied        B. to study                    C. to be studying      D. to have been studying

 

  26. The managers discussed the plan that they would like to see ________ the next year.

 

  A. carried out              B. carrying out               C. carry out                 D. to carry out

  27. I’ve worked with child before, so I know what ________ in my new job.

 

  A. expected                 B. to expect                   C. to be expecting         D. expect

  28. ________ such heavy pollution already, it may now be too late to clean up the river.

  A. Having suffered       B. Suffering                   C. To suffer                 D. Suffered

 

  29. Having a trip abroad is certainly good for the old couple, but it remains ________ whether they will enjoy it.

 

  A. to see                     B. to be seen                  C. seeing                      D. seen

 

  30. The research is so designed that once ________ nothing can be done to change it.

 

  A. begins                    B. having begun              C. beginning                 D. begun

 

  31. It is said that in Australia there is more land than the government knows ________.

 

  A. it what to do with                    ,英语培训;                     B. what to do it with

 

  C. what to do with it                                         D. to do what with it

  32. A cook will be immediately fired if he is found ________ in the kitchen.

  A. smoke                    B. smoking                    C. to smoke               D. smoked

 

  33. I’m going to the supermarket this afternoon. Do you have anything ________ ?

 

  A. to be buying            B. to buy                       C. for buying             D. bought

 

  34. The pilot asked all the passengers on board to remain ________ as the plane was making a landing.

  A. seat                        B. seating                     C. seated                     D. to be seating

 

  35. Victor apologized for ________ to inform me of the change in the plan.

  A. his being not able                                        B. him not to be able 

 

  C. his not being able                                        D. him to be not able

 

  36. Suddenly, a tall man driving a golden carriage ________ the girl and took her away, ________ into the woods.

 

  A. seizing, disappeared                                    B. seized, disappeared

  C. seizing, disappearing                                   D. seized, disappearing

  答案: 

  1. D. 因为Hellen要使自己讲的话被别人听到,所以要用从前分词作宾补,即:make herself heard;又因为make herself heard是shout的目的,所以用不定式。

内容来自

 

  2. C. form表示“浮现、发生”,是不迭物动词,又因为pictures与form是主动关系,故用现在分词作定语。

 

 

  3. C. 因为insist后要么接that从句,要么接on sth. 或on doing sth. ,不别的接法,所以选C。insist on doing坚持要做某事。

CopyRight .com

 

  4. D. 因work abroad for twenty years发生在谓语动作(返回祖国)之前,所以用当初分词的实现式。 CopyRight .com

  5. B. 因为当初分词作状语只能修饰谓语,而不定式作状语,既可修饰谓语又可修修饰形容词或副词,此处润饰形容词silly,要用不定式。又由于“不锁车”产生在谓语之前,所以用实现式。

 

 

  6. B. 因句中的the water与run是自动关系,故选B。leave sth doing sth 意为“使某物始终在做某事”。

  7. B. 因为flint与introduce(引入)是被动关系,所以用过去分词。

  8. A. looking out of the window 为伴随状语。

  9. D. 初中英语练习题讲解因为在encourage, persuade, tell, ask, want, order, force等后要用不定式作宾补。encourage sb. to do sth. 意为“鼓励某人做某事”。 内容来自

  10. C. 因“等了半个小时”发生在realized之前,故用现在分词的完成式。

CopyRight .com

 

  11. B. 因为the…company与know是被动关系,所以用从前分词短语作定语,known as 3M = which was known as 3M。 内容来自

  12. A. get changed 意为“换衣服”。比较:get paid(获得报酬),get dressed(穿衣服)等。

  13. B. 因为句子主语the girl与attract是被动关系,所以用过去分词短语作状语,表示起因。 CopyRight .com

  14. D. 因为happen后接动词不定式是表示“碰巧做某事”;又hear发生在谓语don’t know之前,所以要用不定式的完成式。句意是:我不知道你是否已经据说过了,今年九月我要去美国学习。

内容来自

 

  15. B. 因为only是提醒咱们要用不定式表示成果的一个重要标志词;不定式表示结果,不定式的动作发生在谓语之后;又因为the news reporters与tell是被动关系,所以要用不定式的被动式。

  16. D. 因为have a hard time doing sth. 与have difficulty doing sth. 相当,意为“在做某事方面有艰难”。

内容来自

 

  17. D. 因为the biggest ocean与compare是被动关系,所以要用过去分词。When compared with…=When the biggest ocean is compared with…=When we compare the biggest ocean with… CopyRight .com

  18. C. 首先,非谓语动词的否认式要将not, never等放在非谓语动词的前面,所以不能选D。其次,因为“没有完成”与“决定再呆两周”有先后关联,故用现在分词的完成式。 内容来自

  19. A. 因为书面语中you had better常被说成you’d better,甚至说成better,本句就属这种情况,其后要接不带to的不定式,即:动词原形。 内容来自

  20. C. 此题考查spend...(in) doing sth 句型。

  21. C. 因为be believed /thought /supposed /said /reported等后要接动词不定式,打消A跟B;又因为the flu与cause是被动关系,所以要用不定式的被动式。The flu is believed to be caused by...=It is believed /People believe that the flu is caused by... CopyRight .com

  22. B. 一是因为“发出香味”与“吸引游客”是同时发生的,且smell 作为连系动词没有被动形式,所以答案选B。

CopyRight .com

 

  23. A. 因为the disc(唱片)与record(录制)是被动关系,这又是已经发生了的事,所以要用过去分词短语作定语。

CopyRight .com

 

  24. B. 非谓语动词作状语时,其逻辑主语必须与句子主语一致。根据句意,受到攻打的应是“高楼”,而不是其余,故选B。

  25. A。此题考查不定式的完成时。“据说他曾到国外留过学”,由studied可知“留学”这个动作已结束并发生在谓语动作is said之前,所以要用完成式的初中英语练习题讲解。

内容来自

 

  26. A。此句考查过去分词作宾语补足语。句子构造较复杂,句中的that引导一个定语从句,它调换先行词the plan在从句中作see的宾语,the plan与carry out是被动关系,因此,用过去分词作宾补。即see the plan carried out the next year.

CopyRight .com

 

  27. B。此题考查疑难词+不定式在句中作宾语。I know what to expect in my new job. 意为“我晓得在新工作中等候什么”。

CopyRight .com

 

  28. A。本句考查现在分词的完成时作状语。句意为“遭受如此重大的沾染之后,现在传染这条河兴许为时已晚了”。有already暗示可知suffer发生在clean up之前,因此要用现在分词的完成式作状语。

CopyRight .com

 

  29. B。remain 作“尚待”解,要接不定式作表语,it是形式主语,指代whether they will enjoy it。see与it之间是动宾关系,因而用不定式的被动式。it remains to be seen是习惯用语,意为“还要看情形发展”。 CopyRight .com

  30. D。“连词+分词”作状语时,其逻辑主语为句子的主语。句子主语与分词的之间是主动关系时用现在分词,被动关系用过去分词。the research与begin是被动关系,因此用过去分词begun。 CopyRight .com

  31. C。此题的考查目标与NMET2000同。what to do with为常用搭配结构,意为“处置,利用”。句意为“据说澳大利亚有太多大陆,政府不知如何应用”。 CopyRight .com

  32. B。find后面可能接由“宾语+ 现在分词/过去分词/ 不带to的不定式”形成的复合宾语结构。现在分词表主动,过去分词表被动,不定式表示动作已经发生。依据句意“如果厨师被发现在厨房吸烟,即时就会被解雇”可知cook与smoke之间是主动关系,利用现在分词。find sb. doing sth意为“发明某人正在做某事”。

CopyRight .com

 

  33. B。考核不定式作定语。不定式作后置定语,个别用自动情势表现被动意思。句意为“今下战书我要去超级市场,你有东西要买吗?”

CopyRight .com

 

  34. C。考查过去分词作表语。句意为“飞机登陆时,翱翔员恳求所有飞机上的乘客坐着不动”。remain是系动词,seated作表语,表示状态。

  35. C。考察动名词的复合结构作宾语。动名词的复合结构的否定式由“名词所有格或物主代词+not+动名词”构成。句意为“Victor因没能告知我盘算的改变向我道歉。

内容来自

 

  36. D。由有句中的and可知第一空所填的动词与took是并列谓语,故用seized; 第二空是现在分词短语作随同状语。句意为“突然,一个赶着黄色马车的高个男人,抓住那个姑娘并把她带走了,消失在森林里”。

 

 

  

 

 

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